Last week I had to upgrade a 2-node Oracle cluster running Grid Infrastructure 18.104.22.168 with the April 2017 Bundlepatch on Oracle Linux 7. The interresting thing is, the cluster is using the ASM Filter Driver (AFD) to present the disks to the GI. Since there were some caveats, I will walk you through the steps that lead to a running 12.2 cluster. Unfortunately, I have no terminal output or screenshots, but I am sure you will get the idea.
First, we updated the nodes OS-wise. So at the end, we have OL 7.4 with the latest UEK kernel at the time of patching the node. That went smooth.
Second, we installed the new Grid Infrastructure 12.2 software. To do that, we extracted the ZIP to it’s final location as described in the documentation. Then we run “gridSetup.sh” from this location and chose “Software only” and selected both nodes. This prepares the Oracle Homes on both nodes but does nothing else to it.
Next step was to patch the GI software to the latest (170118) bundlepatch. This is generally a good idea to fix as much issues as possible before setting up the cluster. It provides newer versions of kernel modules which is important in our case since we updated the kernel as the first step. But since we do not have a running 12.2 cluster at the time of patching, we cannot use “opatchauto” functionality to apply the patch. Instead, we needed to update OPatch to the latest version on both nodes and then apply all the patches that comes with the GU bundlepatch one by one like this:
oracle$ export ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/grid/22.214.171.124 oracle$ export PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/OPatch:$PATH oracle$ cd /tmp/27100009 oracle$ cd 26839277 oracle$ opatch apply . oracle$ cd ../27105253 oracle$ opatch apply . oracle$ cd ../27128906 oracle$ opatch apply . oracle$ cd ../27144050 oracle$ opatch apply . oracle$ cd ../27335416 oracle$ opatch apply .
Note, that this was run as the owner of the GI home, “oracle” in our case.
Before running the upgrade, we need to check if there is sufficient space available for the GIMR. Unfortunately the upgrade process creates the new GIMR in the same diskgroup that is used for storing OCR and voting disk even if the GIMR is currently stored in another diskgroup. In contrast, the installation can use a separate diskgroup for GIMR. So be aware of that.
At this point we can start the upgrade process by running “gridSetup.sh” again and selecting the “Upgrade” option. Quickly we come to the point where to root scripts needs to run. That is where the fun starts. In our case the “rootupgrade.sh” failed at the step where the AFD driver is being updated.
CLSRSC-400: A system reboot is required to continue installing.
The reason for that is, the “oracleafd” kernel module is in use and thus cannot be unloaded.
[root ~]# lsmod |grep afd oracleafd 204227 1 [root ~]# modprobe -r oracleafd modprobe: FATAL: Module oracleafd is in use.
There are issues like that in MOS, but none of those matched our scenario and/or patch level.
So a reboot is required, nice. That means our “gridSetup.sh” GUI that still has some work to do, will go away. Fortunately the documentation has a solution for that. We shall reboot the node and then run “gridSetup.sh” again and provide a response file. What the documentation does not tell is, that this response file was already created in $ORACLE_HOME/grid/install/response. We can identify the file by it’s name and timestamp.
So we went ahead and rebooted the first node. After it was up again we checked the kernel modules again, found “oracleafd” loaded again, but this time we were able to unload it.
[root ~]# lsmod |grep afd oracleafd 204227 1 [root ~]# modprobe -r oracleafd [root ~]# lsmod |grep afd [root ~]#
Maybe this step is not necessary but it helped us to stay calm at this point. We started “rootupgrade.sh” again and this time it run fine without any errors.
The next step is to run the “rootupgrade.sh” on the remaining node. It run into the same issue, so we rebooted the node, unloaded “oracleafd” kernel module and run “rootupgrade.sh” again which then run fine.
We were now up and running with GI 12.2. The final step is to run the “gridSetup.sh” again as described in the documentation to finalize the upgrade.
oracle$ $ORACLE_HOME/gridSetup.sh -executeConfigTools -responseFile $ORACLE_HOME/install/response/gridsetup.rsp
The went smooth and the cluster is finally upgraded to 12.2. As a last step we reconfigured the GIMR to use it’s dedicated diskgroup again. This is described in MOS Note 2065175.1 and is quite straight forward.
That’s it for today, I hope it will help you to stay calm during your cluster upgrades.