ORA-28545 when querying HS gateway in Oracle 12c

Since our customers are forced to move to Oracle Database 12.1, I am in the role to support their upgrades. Recently I upgraded a Windows environment that used the Heterogeneous Services to connect to an external ODBC datasource via a database link. The configuration is a little tricky, but pretty straight forward once you get the idea.

First, there must be an ODBC datasource. That is a simple System DSN which was already in place.

Second, you have to choose a kind of “virtual” SID for your connection to this ODBC datasource.

Third, create an init.ora in the $ORACLE_HOME/hs/admin directory and put at least one parameter into it:


Fourth, add static SID to the listener  by modifying the listener.ora file:

(SID_NAME=<virtual SID>)

Then reload the listener configuration to make it active.

Fifth, create a tnsnames.ora entry that points to the listener and the virtual SID. Make sure, you specify “HS=OK”.

(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = tcp)(HOST = <listener host>)(PORT = 1521))
(SID = <virtual SID>)
(HS = OK)

Sixth and finally, create a database link that points to the tnsnames entry:

SQL> create database link myodbcds connect to <user> identified by <pwd> using "MYODBCDS";

Database link created.

All those steps were done years ago in the old 11.2 environment. Everything worked fine there. So I simply copied all the configuration details to the new 12.1 Oracle home. Then I moved the listener to the new 12.1 home and upgraded the database. But when testing the HS connection, the following happened:

SQL*Plus: Release Production on Tue Mar 28 11:30:45 2017

Copyright (c) 1982, 2016, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Last Successful login time: Tue Mar 28 2017 11:06:02 +02:00

Connected to:
Oracle Database 12c Standard Edition Release - 64bit Production

SQL> select * from dual@myodbcds ;
select * from dual@myodbcds
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-28545: error diagnosed by Net8 when connecting to an agent
Unable to retrieve text of NETWORK/NCR message 65535
ORA-02063: preceding 2 lines from MYODBCDS

I checked the listener services, the connection seemed to be established successfully.

C:\>lsnrctl services listener

LSNRCTL for 64-bit Windows: Version - Production on 28-MAR-2017 11:39:05

Copyright (c) 1991, 2014, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=<hostname>)(PORT=1521)))
Services Summary...
Service "<virtual SID>" has 1 instance(s).
Instance "<virtual SID>", status UNKNOWN, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
"DEDICATED" established:1 refused:0
The command completed successfully

So I created a new listener in the old 11.2 home that used another port to test things. The 11.2 listener worked fine. So what is the difference between both listeners?
After a little research I stumbled upon the Windows services. The database service was not running as LocalSystem but as a domain user. This is because the database writes it’s backups to an UNC share. Both, 11.2 and 12.1, listeners used the LocalSystem account. So I changed the 12.1 listener to use the domain account too and this solved the problem.

SQL*Plus: Release Production on Tue Mar 28 11:39:10 2017

Copyright (c) 1982, 2016, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Last Successful login time: Tue Mar 28 2017 11:36:53 +02:00

Connected to:
Oracle Database 12c Standard Edition Release - 64bit Production

SQL> select * from dual@myodbcds;


I have no idea why the 11.2 listener can run as LocalSystem whilst the 12.1 listener cannot. But generally I think it is a good practice to run listener and database services with the same user credentials.

12c Upgrade stuck at fixed object stats

A while ago I did some database upgrades to version One of those upgrades made me a bit nervous. I used “dbca” to perform the upgrade and it was kind of stuck. So I went to the command prompt and started to investigate this. What I found was this:


A session was waiting for “ADR block file read” again and again. The SQL that was causing this waits can be seen in the screenshot too. It was gathering statistics for X$DBKFDG, part of the “gather fixed object stats” step.

A quick research in My Oracle Support did not bring up any helpful information. My first idea was to check the ADR but I found it to be nearly empty, at least in the suspicous directories like “trace” etc. So I posted this issue on Twitter and asked for help. @realadrienne pointed to a similar issue related to Recovery Advisor and the list of critical issues. So I checked that using

SQL> select * from v$ir_failure;

which returned loads of records that had a priority of “critical” and a status of “closed”. So I tried to get rid of these records using “adrci”.

adrci> purge -age 1 -type hm

This took quite a while, about 10 minutes. to complete. But in the end the v$ir_failure view had no records anymore and the fixed object stats where gathered quickly.

So now there is an additional pre-upgrade check on my personal list, that says “clean up v$ir_failure”. You should add this to your list too to prevent unnecessary delays during database upgrades.

Thanks to @realadrienne, @FranckPachot and @OracleSK for the quick and very helpful assistance.

Thanks also to @MikeDietrichDE for the feedback on this issue.